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Optimal design and analysis of a two-hop relay network under Rayleigh fading for packet delay minimization

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  • In this paper, we consider a wireless network consisting of a source node, a destination node and multiple relay nodes under Rayleigh fading. Cooperative diversity in the network is achieved by selecting an opportunistic relay node with the best channel condition to the destination node. We focus on the packet level performance in this paper and analyze the average packet delay of the network for various modulation and coding schemes. We assume that the arrival process of packets follows a Markov modulated Poisson process (MMPP). To derive the average packet delay, we first derive the distribution of the number of packets that are successfully transmitted from the source node to the destination node via a relay node. Using the distribution obtained above, a queueing process of the M/G/1 type is developed to model the queue at the source node. The average packet delay is then obtained from the stationary distribution of the queueing process of the source node by applying Little's Lemma. Based on our results on the average packet delay, the optimal modulation and coding scheme for given network parameters is determined to minimize the average packet delay. We validate our analytic model through simulation. The detailed relations between the average packet delay and network parameters such as average signal to noise ratios (SNRs) between nodes, the number of relay nodes and packet arrival rate, are investigated through numerical studies based on our analytic model as well as simulation studies. From our numerical results, we conclude that the optimal modulation and coding scheme that minimizes the average packet delay depends not only on SNRs of channels between nodes but also on the arrival rate of packets at the data link layer.
    Mathematics Subject Classification: Primary: 68M10, 68M20; Secondary: 60K25.

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